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Training

General Karate Terms & Glossary


Karate is usually taught using the original Japanese terms. This page is a glossary where you find a collection of generic terms that occur in a variety of contexts in Karate.

Karate Glossary


AgeRising
Ashi o kaeteChange legs (stance)
Ashi tandenLeg conditioning
AtemiArt of striking vital points
BudoMartial way or Path (Tao in chinese)
BushiMartial man, warrior
BushidoWay of the warrior (Code of conduct)
BunkaiApplications of kata
ChudanMiddle area
DojoMartial arts training place
GasshukuTraining camp
GedanLower area
Gi or DogiKarate uniform
GoHard, rigid
Goju-ryuHard and soft style
GyakuReverse
HaraCentral point of body
Hari kiriRitual suicide
HajimeBegin
HaiYes
HidariLeft
Hojo undoSupplementary exercises
Honbu dojoMain dojo
IeNo
JuSoft, flexible
Junbi undoWarm up exercises
Junbi owarimasu End of warm up
KakieStrength exercise
KamaeteOn guard
KameFighting stance
KarateEmpty hand
Karate-doThe way of karate
KaratekaOne who practises karate
KataA set of pre-arranged techniques
KiSpirit,life energy (Chi in Chinese)
Ki aiShout to focus energy
KihonBasic techniques
KimeFocus
KohaiJunior student
Mai-aiFighting distance
MawatteTurn around
MigiRight
MokusoMeditation
MoroteDouble or both hands together
MuchimiHeavy sticky feeling
ObiBelt
RitsureiStanding bow
RyuSchool or tradition
SamuraiJapanese warrior class of feudal era
SeikenFist with focus on first two knuckles
SeizaKneeling position
SempaiLower dan grade, senior student
SenseiInstructor/Teacher
ShihanMaster instructor
ShimeSanchin kata testing
SotoOutside (inside to outside)
TandenStrength centre of body
TeHand
Te o kaeteChange hands
UchiInside (outside to inside)
Ude TandenForearm conditioning
YameStop or fininsh
YoiReady position
ZanshinAwareness in defence or attack
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